The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), is an agency of the Government of India responsible for implementing the AADHAAR scheme, a unique identification project. It was established in February 2009, and will own and operate the Unique Identification Number database. The authority aims to provide a unique id number to all Indians, but not smart cards. The authority will maintain a database of residents containing biometric and other data.
Features: Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique number which the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) will issue for all residents in India (on a voluntary basis). The number will be stored in a centralized database and linked to the basic demographics and biometric information – photograph, ten fingerprints and iris – of each individual. It is easily verifiable in an online, cost-effective way. It is unique and robust enough to eliminate the large number of duplicate and fake identities in government and private databases. The random number generated will be devoid of any classification based on caste, creed, religion and geography.
UID project is also known as AADHAAR meaning support or foundation, and its logo is a yellow sun with a fingerprint embedded in its centre. The logo was designed by Atul Sudhakarrao Pande.
- Aadhaar will become the single source of identity verification. Residents would be spared the hassle of repeatedly providing supporting identity documents each time they wish to access services such as obtaining a bank account, passport, driving license and so on.
- By providing a clear proof of identity, UID will also facilitate entry for poor and underprivileged residents into the formal banking system and the opportunity to avail services provided by the government.
- Giving migrants mobility of identity.
Financial inclusion with deeper penetration of banks, insurance and easy distribution of benefits of government schemes.
Direct Benefit Transfer: Direct Benefit Transfer or DBT is an anti-poverty program launched by the Government of India on 1 January 2013. This program aims to transfer subsidies directly to the people living below the poverty line through the Unique Identification Authority of India.